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SkinCare

Your Guide To Summer Skin Care

Getting out on your Legend Boat this summer is something we’ve all been dreaming about for months. With Opening Weekend just around the corner, we’re just a few short weeks away from making this dream a reality. There’s a little prep work that comes along with hitting the waves. You have to run through your Spring Startup process, get your papers in order, clean the hull, console, and interior, pack your first aid kit, and check your trailer. While all of this is going on, it’s pretty easy for skin care to slip your mind.

No doubt there will be tons of sun during these lazy days, and right now is the time to brush up on how to protect yourself from those harmful UV rays.



How to Evaluate U.V. Danger

This is tricky. When the sun is beaming down on you and you can feel your skin is burning it’s pretty obvious that you should cover up and apply some sunscreen. But, it’s not how hot or bright the sun is that makes UV rays dangerous, it’s the wavelength. Even during overcast cloudy days, the UV index can be very strong.

UVindex

Instead of judging the danger based on how sunny it is, base it on the time of day. UV rays are strongest at noon (when the sun is the highest) and becomes safer as the sun dips towards the horizon. Rule of thumb: keep the sunscreen flowing from 10:00 am through 3:00 pm.


Why?

Expose yourself too long and your inviting sunburns, accelerated skin aging, skin cancer, cataracts, and other eye diseases.



Sunscreen Basics:

Sunscreen uses a combination of physical and chemical ingredients. We won’t bore you with the names of these unpronounceable ingredients, but we will tell you that chemical ingredients absorb UV waves and convert them to heat while physical ingredients reflect and/or scatter the rays to prevent them from being absorbed by your skin.


What is SPF?

“Sun Protection Factor” refers to what percentage of the sun’s rays are allowed to interact with your skin. The higher the SPF, the fewer rays will get through. SPF 30, for example, will allow approximately 3% of rays to get through while SPF 50 allows 2%.

Sunburn

This quick guide shows you what level of SPF is required for your type of skin:



Very Fair

Always Burns, Never Tans

30-50+

Fair

Always Burns, Sometimes Tans

30-50+

Light

Burns Moderately, Tans Eventually

15-30

Medium

Minimal Burns, Tans Easily

6-15

Dark

Rarely Burns, Tans Easily

2-10

Very Dark

Never Burns, Deepens Pigmentation

2-10

Sunscreen should be re-applied every 30 minutes in order to be effective.




Best Practice:

Regardless of the ingredients that you choose to use, make sure that your sunscreen is broad-spectrum. In plain English, if you choose a sunscreen that’s specifically designed for intense mid-day rays you may be leaving yourself vulnerable to the different UV wavelengths that are present through the rest of the day.

 

Skin Care For Skin Types:

Children’s Skin:

Our kids have new skin. They haven’t had the chance to toughen up quite yet, which makes them among the most vulnerable. There are 2 challenges we face as parents.


  1. It’s intuitive to lather them with as much sunscreen as we can find. But, their skin is more sensitive than ours and chemical based sunscreen often leaves them red and rashy. For best results use physical ingredients.

  2. They don’t make it easy. Applying a layer of sunscreen evenly over their skin can be tremendously difficult if not impossible. We recommend opting for a spray. You can accurately get a layer of sunscreen on arms, legs, chests, and whatever else is exposed pretty quickly. For the face, make sure to spray your hands and then apply manually to avoid eye injury.


Condition Skin:

This refers to skin that flares up due to allergies as well as acne or rosacea-prone skin. These conditions complicate sun protection a few degrees. Acne medications often increase sun sensitivity. At the same time, certain ingredients in sunscreen can either dry out or moisturize your skin.  There’s no universal solution to getting the SPF you need without aggravating your skin condition(s). The best advice is to consult with the doctor who prescribed your skin medication or try to match the characteristics of your over-the-counter products. There are gels, creams, sprays, alcohol or non-alcohol, natural or chemical ingredients that you’ll have to find a balance with.


Darker Skin:

There are 2 sides to this coin. On one hand, the darker your skin (due to more melanin) is, the more natural sun protection you have. It’s much more difficult to burn and chances of skin cancer are reduced. On the other hand, you are less likely to use sunscreen because of your natural protection and if a skin condition does arise it takes much longer to detect and becomes more difficult to treat. Our recommendation is to use sunscreen whenever you’re out in the sun. A little prevention goes a long way.



Hydration Best Practices:

Skin damage isn’t the only concern out there under the sun. Hydration is just as important, and what most of us don’t realize is that once you’re thirsty you’re already a little late.

DrinkingWater

To test if you’re on your way to dehydration pinch your skin. If it takes longer than normal for your skin to return to normal colour it’s time to take a drink. Some other obvious signs include headaches, sudden cravings for sweets, fevers or chills, and muscle cramps.

Anyone on medication should take this a little more seriously. Dehydration can happen more quickly and the ability to tell if you're thirsty can be reduced.


It’s important for everyone to stay hydrated. Proper hydration reduces fatigue, improves endurance, and can lower your heart rate. In order to maintain these healthy conditions, it’s best to drink frequently throughout the day. Becoming dehydrated and trying to make up for it by chugging a 2L bottle could complicate things by messing with your electrolyte balance. Sipping regularly throughout the day prevents you from drying up and keeps everything else in check.



All of this may seem like a little bit of a fuss but in reality, it’s nothing more than wearing the right clothes, drinking a little water, and remembering to reapply that sunscreen every half hour or so.

You may have to call your doctor, do a little research, or practice some trial and error when it comes to choosing the right sunscreen but that’s a one-time hassle that your body will thank you for.

FunSun

Stay safe out there. The more protected you are, the better time you’ll have.


Yours in Boating,

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